1. Machilipatnam Town Profile
Machilipatnam Municipality has been constituted as Grade III Municipality in the year 1866 it is the 2nd Municipality in India. And later it has been upgraded as Special Grade Municipality in the year 1980 basing on the population vide.
The extent of Machilipatnam Municipality is 26.67Sq.km with a population of 1,70,008 as per 2011 census. Most of the people of this area lead their lives below poverty Line. The main occupation is agriculture and Fishing.
2.1 Role of the Town
Machilipatnam Town has been the Head Quarters of the District since the British. It is also the Head Quarters of Revenue Division it is trading center for the Agriculture produce of its hinterland. It has also developed in to an important center of education of with a good number of schools and college located here. The government Head Quarters hospital and other health & medical facilities are also concentrated here. Noble college was established in 1864 it was the first college in Andhra, National College was established in the year 1910; Engineering College was located in the town.
1.2 Location & Significance
Machilipatnam is a special grade municipality established in 1866. Machilipatnam is located at 16o 11' North latitude and 81o East longitude. Machilipatnam municipality has an area of 26.67 sq km with 42 revenue wards. The town has an average elevation of 3 meters. It is located at a distance of 72 km to the south-east of Vijayawada city, 78 km to west of Bhimavaram town and 82 km south of Eluru City. The nearest airport Gannavaram is at a distance of about 80 km from Machilipatnam Town.
Figure 2.1 Location Map of Machilipatnam Town
The town is located on the East coast in the Krishna district at Delta region at a distance of about 6.40 km from the sea. Machilipatnam is situated on a generally flat terrain with a level difference of about +2.0 to +3.0 meters between the maximum and minimum elevations. The digital elevation map of Machilipatnam townis shown in Figure 2.2. The Bandar canal passes through the outskirts of the town. The natural ground slope of the town is generally from south-east direction towards Bay of Bengal.
Figure 2.2 Digital Elevation Map of Machilipatnam Town
1.4 Climate and Rainfall
Machilipatnam town has a tropical climate with hot summer and moderate winter. The hottest months are between April and June. The average annual rainfall in the town is 959.00 mm. The rainfall during South West monsoon is about 50% of the annual rainfall and during the North East monsoon is about 50% of the annual rainfall. The period from November to mid-February is the coolest part of the year.
Table 2.1 Seasonal Variation of Temperature
(extreme condition) Mean Daily Temperature
Maximum Value Minimum Value
Winter December 33°C 18°C
Summer May 45°C 30°C
Source: Indian Meteorology Department
As per 2011 census Machilipatnam has a population of 1, 69,892. The total population constitutes 83,594 males and 86,298 females - a sex ratio of 1032 females per 1000 males. The average literacy rate stands at 82.43% with 1, 27,917 literates. The CAGR of the town from 2001 to 2011 is 1.04% as seen in the table 2.2.
Table 2.2 Historical Population Data of Machilipatnam Town
Years Population Decadal Growth (%) CAGR
1971 112612 11.04 1.05%
1981 138530 23.02 1.57%
1991 159110 14.86 1.51%
2001 179353 12.72 1.44%
2011 169892 -5.28 1.04%
Source: Census of India 2011.
Figure 2.3 Population growth of Machilipatnam town
1.5.1 Population Projection
According to the Planning Commission definition, a household earning INR 55000.00 and above annually is considered just above the Urban Poverty Line for 2011- 12. In Machilipatnam town, around 5% of the total population is HIG, MIG accounts to 20 % total population, the LIG accounts to 20% and EWS accounts to 55% of total population. Therefore, the EWS and LIG accounts to 75 % of total population of the town
There are 85 notified slums in the town, 90% slum dwellers are residing in huts, katcha, on rent and semi puccca houses.
1.6 Sex Ratio & Literacy Rate
The sex ratio for the year 2011 is 1032 females per 1000 males and the literacy rate is around 82.43%, with a higher male literacy rate (85.7%) as compared to the females (79.3%).
1.7 Soil and Geology
The soil of the town is mainly black cotton in nature. Sand is found to be fringed with sand dunes or sand blown by the action of the waves. The ground water table in the town is found to be very high and on average ground water table is found to be only 1.0 m below ground level.
2. Slum Profile of Machilipatnam
The total population of the Machilipatnam town is about 169892 as per the 2011 census, the total House Holds in the town are about 46164 as per the 2011 census and there are 85 notified slums in the town and the total slum population residing in the slums is 65677 which is 38.60 % of total population of the town and many poor is also residing in the non slum areas of the town on rent, in huts and in semi pucca houses which is around 20% of the total population of the town