Salur was a major panchayat till 1950. It was established in the year 1950 and was upgraded as grade II Municipality in 2001. The extent of Salur municipality area is 19.55 sq mi (50.6 km2). The source of water supply is River Vegavathi, with 200 public taps and 226 public bore–wells. The municipality supplies 3 million litres per day of total drinking water is supplied with a per capita of 80 litres per day. The municipality has 54 km (34 mi) of roads, 4 public parks, 5 play gournds, 11 community halls etc. There are 23 elementary and 2 secondary schools for education purpose
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.
Salur is located on the banks of River Vegavathi at 18.5333°N 83.2167°E. It has an average elevation of 118 metres (387 ft). It is bounded by Makkuva, Bobbili, Ramabhadrapuram and Pachipenta mandals of Andhra Pradesh state. Salur is surrounded with green forests and chain of hills on two sides and by River Vegavathi on the other two sides.
The climate of the town is generally characterized by high humidity almost all round the year, oppressive summer and seasonal rainfall. The temperature varies between 17 and 40 degrees of Celsius. Average annual rainfall is 1074.0 mm. The nature of the soil is generally black cotton soil.